- Define meteorology. Explain how the weather affects farmers, sailors, aviators, and the
outdoors construction industry. Tell why weather forecasts are important to each of these
- Name five dangerous weather-related conditions. Give the safety rules for each when
outdoors and explain the difference between a severe weather watch and a warning. Discuss
the safety rules with your family.
- Explain the difference between high and low pressure systems in the
atmosphere. Tell which is related to good and to poor weather. Draw cross
sections of a cold front and a warm front, showing the location and movements
of the cold and warm air, the frontal slope, the location and types of clouds
associated with each type of front, and the location of precipitation.
- Tell what causes wind, why it rains, and how lightning and hail are
- Identify and describe clouds in the low, middle, and upper levels of the atmosphere.
Relate these to specific types of weather.
- Draw a diagram of the water cycle and label its major processes. Explain the water cycle
to your counselor.
- Define acid rain. Identify which human activities pollute the atmosphere as well as the
effects such pollution can have on people.
- Do ONE of the following:
- Make one of the following instruments: wind vane, anemometer, rain gauge, hygrometer.
Keep a daily weather log for 1 week using information from this instrument as well as from
other sources such as local radio and television stations or NOAA Weather Radio. The
following information should be recorded at the same time every day: wind direction and
speed, temperature, precipitation, and types of clouds. Be sure to make a note of any
morning dew or frost. In the log, also list the weather forecasts from radio or television
at the same time each day and show how the weather really turned out.
- Visit a National Weather Service office or talk with a local radio or television
weathercaster, private meteorologist, local agricultural Extension service office, or
university meteorology instructor. Find out what type of weather is most dangerous or
damaging to your community. Determine how severe weather and flood warnings reach the
homes in your community.
- Do ONE of the following:
- Give a talk of more than five minutes to your unit explaining the camping safety rules in
the event of lightning, flash floods, and tornadoes. Before your talk, show your outline
to your counselor for approval.
- Read several articles about acid rain and give a prepared talk of more than
about the articles to your unit. Before your talk, show your outline to your counselor for
- Find out about a weather-related career opportunity that interests you.
Discuss with and explain to your counselor what training and education are
required for such a position, and the responsibilities required of such a